What Is The Dark Web?


  • Am Vor 4 years

    NowThis WorldNowThis World

    Dauer: 3:02

    Who Is Hillary Clinton? testu.be/1JfxnDU
    » Subscribe to NowThis World: go.nowth.is/World_Subscribe
    On April 29th, the junior Senator from Vermont, Bernie Sanders, announced that he was running for President. So we wanted to know, who is Bernie Sanders?
    Learn More:
    The Socialist Senator
    www.nytimes.com/2007/01/21/magazine/21Sanders.t.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0
    "When Bernie Sanders visits a high-school class, as he does regularly, students don't hear a speech, a focus-grouped polemic, a campaign pitch or, heaven forbid, practiced one-liners."
    Analysis: Bernie Sanders Won't Win. But His Ideas Might.
    www.nbcnews.com/meet-the-press/bernie-sanders-wont-win-his-ideas-might-n349991
    "Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders has almost no chance of winning the Democratic nomination, but he is likely to delight party activists as he takes unabashedly liberal stances and tries to push Hillary Clinton to adopt them."
    Bernie Sanders On the issues
    www.ontheissues.org/Bernie_Sanders.htm
    Watch More:


    _________________________
    NowThis World is dedicated to bringing you topical explainers about the world around you. Each week we’ll be exploring current stories in international news, by examining the facts, providing historical context, and outlining the key players involved. We’ll also highlight powerful countries, ideologies, influential leaders, and ongoing global conflicts that are shaping the current landscape of the international community across the globe today.
    More from NowThis:
    » Subscribe to NowThis News: go.nowth.is/News_Subscribe

    » Like NowThis World on Facebook: go.nowth.is/World_Facebook
    » Connect with Judah: Follow @judah_robinson on Twitter - Facebook: go.nowth.is/LikeJudah
    » Connect with Versha: Follow @versharma on Twitter - Facebook: go.nowth.is/LikeVersha
    12102018azino.com/us/nowthisworld

    Special thanks to Evan Puschak for hosting TestTube!
    Check Evan out on Twitter: twitter.com/TheeNerdwriter/media

    dark web  deep web  Tor  Facebook  silk road  software  anonymous  blocked  internet  Google  Yahoo  search engines  websites  restricted access  online  visible  concealed  identity masking layers  track  encryption  The Onion Router  computer  browser  search traffic  untraceable  social media  accessibility  security  government  surveillance  Iran  China  censorship  restrict  identity  hidden  testtube  test tube  tara long  discovery  news  

Gavin Justice
Gavin Justice

my mom is geting hacked

Vor 24 Tage
jomar trinidad
jomar trinidad

Just use vpn for better protection

Vor 26 Tage
PopGamerNation
PopGamerNation

See I knew there was something fishing about facebook!

Vor Monat
Ahmed Maher
Ahmed Maher

i just wanna to buy a gun

Vor Monat
Ashish Bayya
Ashish Bayya

Make a video as to why Dark Web was found and how it is being misused

Vor 2 Monate
Whiskey And Mojo
Whiskey And Mojo

That’s really creepy

Vor 3 Monate
Fernando Valdez
Fernando Valdez

HA I don’t use Facebook. 😆

Vor 5 Monate
JOSH Garick
JOSH Garick

Also called New World Order and New International non nation bound with encryption Demonic activity. GLOBAL DOMINATION.

Vor 5 Monate
Areana Angel
Areana Angel

i actually still dont get it ):

Vor 6 Monate
Akaimayn
Akaimayn

Video should be called “why did Facebook create a platform for their site on the deep web?”

Vor 6 Monate
RANDOM FRUIT LOOP :3
RANDOM FRUIT LOOP :3

I'm scared of the sake wep and the internet now

Vor 6 Monate
E3meliZ 678
E3meliZ 678

VPN

Vor 7 Monate
Views 8.7k
Views 8.7k

so is tunnelbear the dark web? i don't get it

Vor 8 Monate
Super Mario
Super Mario

When Net Neutrality dies.

Vor 9 Monate
tossmc
tossmc

isn't this what Arron Swartz got in some trumped-up charges / trouble for, no actual crime, but for attempting to share info and/or sharing or being smart enough to collect massive amounts of free / public info such and ???

Vor 9 Monate
IAN DUCAO
IAN DUCAO

facebook's dying

Vor 9 Monate
Pongo the dalmation
Pongo the dalmation

yay now i can use facebook in North Korea

Vor 10 Monate
Oli Rayner
Oli Rayner

I just watched Snowden and now this. Im fairly certain I’m being watched

Vor 11 Monate
Ayesha Gagguturi
Ayesha Gagguturi

Wut is dis

Vor year
shuaib asadullah
shuaib asadullah

YouTube is more than enough for me.

Vor year
Momen Marouf
Momen Marouf

That girl is exceptionally beatiful

Vor year
GalaxyBomb GD
GalaxyBomb GD

his is the deep wep the dark one is different

Vor year
lelsinä
lelsinä

that facebook link is deep web not dark web.

Vor year
zernebog661
zernebog661

what is a vpn good for and what can i do with it?

Vor year
JirenThe- Gray
JirenThe- Gray

I want you to just take of you top. girl

Vor year
Adrian Vannorsdall
Adrian Vannorsdall

recommendations for an android?

Vor year
ᴅᴇᴋᴜ ᐛ
ᴅᴇᴋᴜ ᐛ

I can imagine people using the dark web to curse on Club Penguin and Roblox.

Vor year
royal gem
royal gem

WOW The web is evil

Vor year
Audairevonetta
Audairevonetta

The deep web and dark web scares me, A lot. A hacker can find my location, hack my accounts and fuck my life up. And also the other shit happening there. Human trafficking, slave shops. Doll makers*, and shit That i cant explain

Vor year
Ewan Lorimer
Ewan Lorimer

The Loveless Bayonetta Lover it's not just used for that Countries that censor stuff like Facebook cough cough China cough cough that is the main reason just don't go to sites u don't think u should

Vor year
James Loughton
James Loughton

Most of that is just 'urban legends' its mainly just drugs, wierd porn and stolen ids and credit cards

Vor year
Asad Jarwar
Asad Jarwar

The Dark web also accesses people to watch people being tortured live, it is fuking full of mentally ill retards.

Vor year
Audairevonetta
Audairevonetta

+Noodle I use tor to access facebook. I started doing it 2 days ago

Vor year
Daniel Moore
Daniel Moore

It is a common misconception about the difference between the deep web and the dark web. First, the deep web simply means something that cannot be accessed with a search engine. Such as a private youtube video. Tor and other 'dark web' software only account for 5% of the total web. Which most people (including myself) only use it for anonymity.

Vor year
pcrepair hotline
pcrepair hotline

No it's the deep web, the dark web is a WAYYY different thing

Vor 2 years
Daniel Moore
Daniel Moore

They're talking about the dark web. Meaning tor and other software. Deep web can even be on a chrome browser. It just means something that cannot be indexed or searched with a search engine. Like a private article or video. Dark web is what tor is. Of that dark web >5% is criminal activity

Vor year
princess 💚
princess 💚

deep Web isn't always dark web

Vor 2 years
bigcheesetaste
bigcheesetaste

I'm confused, does your definition of `deep web` include user-access-only content within a site, or all of the content you can access via a DNS or does it refer to content only on naked ip's? Or even only naked ip's with additional security or encryption built in for access only through TOR? Please clarify.

Vor 2 years
Omnipotent_Gaming
Omnipotent_Gaming

Facebook is fucking cancerous.

Vor 2 years
Fang Qu
Fang Qu

Laura Ling, Tara Long, next Lana Lang?

Vor 2 years
Jesus Mice
Jesus Mice

Wow.... the dark web is different from the deep web. The dark web is sort of a sub section of the deep web were all those "deep web horror stories" take place. Thats were all the criminal shit happens.

Vor 2 years
Craig
Craig

This is the worst explanation of what the deep web is I've ever seen.

Vor 2 years
Areana Angel
Areana Angel

thank god im not the only who thinks that. i actually dont even understand this!

Vor 6 Monate
bigcheesetaste
bigcheesetaste

I made a comment already, but yeah. This. Does their definition of `deep web` include user-access-only content within a site, or all of the content you can access via a DNS or does it refer to content only on naked ip's? Or even only naked ip's with additional security or encryption built in for access only through TOR? It's retarded how ambiguous it is on even a mild technical level.

Vor 2 years
Qauzzie
Qauzzie

I know, it was mainly about Facebook being on the deep web.

Vor 2 years
puredeath 679
puredeath 679

tf

Vor 2 years
eddie69 74
eddie69 74

so than what is the difference between Dark Web and Deep Web.

Vor 2 years
WishMaker
WishMaker

The deep web is the web inaccessible from search engines, the dark web is the protected, anonymous, and often illegal side of the deep web.

Vor 2 years
TheJcproductionsjc
TheJcproductionsjc

it's*

Vor 2 years
TheJcproductionsjc
TheJcproductionsjc

The deep web, well is more fucked up. Red rooms, drug trafficking, human trafficking, etc.

Vor 2 years
FIGHTFANNERD9
FIGHTFANNERD9

time to visit the dark web muhahahahaha!!!!!!!!!!

Vor 2 years
Napster Eureka
Napster Eureka

i feel like Neo , red pill or black

Vor 2 years
styx ga
styx ga

chick is a boner magnet

Vor 2 years
marvel maxiz
marvel maxiz

how search engines are made

Vor 2 years
marvel maxiz
marvel maxiz

how search engines are made

Vor 2 years
FedexYT
FedexYT

they put asians in a prison cell and force them to show you results

Vor year
Tele Tyga
Tele Tyga

so is the dark web good or bad wtf I'm confused as fuck

Vor 2 years
Be nice To everyone
Be nice To everyone

Tele Tyga it’s so bad it has illegal things like selling drugs or people or has secret about state like deep secrets and it’s unstoppable by the state so it will be happening

Vor 9 Monate
Ewan Lorimer
Ewan Lorimer

Murat Alemdar it's a grey area it's good and bad

Vor year
Daniel Moore
Daniel Moore

+Manuel Fontanilla You're talking abiut the dark web not the deep web. Dark web is tor and other specialised software. The deep web is simply a thing that cannot be indexed or searched by a search engine. Meaning that it can even be on google chrome. We use the deep web everyday more than we use the clear web. For example, a private youtube video is part of the deep web. You can't access by searching it up. Less than 5% of all the web is the dark web (tor, etc) and of that 5% many people (including myself) only use normally for anonymity.

Vor year
Jose Gonzalez
Jose Gonzalez

human trafficking?wtf

Vor 2 years
Craig
Craig

A ghost hacker can find anyone in a few seconds if you're on the wrong site, if you don't know how to hide what you're doing don't ever go on there.

Vor 2 years
Stevester_Gaming
Stevester_Gaming

I tried to download the TOR search engine to visit some porn sites but ended up getting my dick stuck in my toaster.

Vor 2 years
Muskan Vats
Muskan Vats

+FedexYT I will f*** you

Vor 6 Monate
lobecosc
lobecosc

Good to know.

Vor year
The_Gaming_Legend
The_Gaming_Legend

search with a https instead of http and it works I did it last night

Vor 2 years
Ky Vera
Ky Vera

Gg

Vor 2 years
johan perez
johan perez

what happened to you guys

Vor 2 years
johan perez
johan perez

g

Vor 2 years
Andro Bourne
Andro Bourne

The problem with Tor is that it doesn't protect your traffic going from your PC to the ISP. If the FBI is monitoring your ISP (maybe not you specifically, but your ISP in general which they have permissions to do if they get a warrant to monitor a specific person that happens to be on your ISP node) They will be able to capture your sent packets before it even gets on the Tor network. They will also be able to capture your received packets once it gets off the Tor network before it gets sent from ISP to your PC. This has been a known issue for a long time. Tor is great in general, but it does not protect against ISP monitored lines. Normally if this was done by FBI or another government entity. They actually install a physical device for packet capture inside of the ISP buildings. (which I have personally seen been done in my line of work). There is no way to get around this. Long story short, if the government wants to get your so called "protected" web content. It is very easy for them to do that by monitoring your ISP before the data is even sent to the Tor proxies. This is why there are people like myself and others, that will actually connect to proxies like Tor and then send random encrypted packets through the Tor network. If the government is monitoring the line, they get to spent days trying to un-encrypt the data to only find out it was spam and has nothing inside of it! Just makes it that much harder to them to monitor our traffic and hinders them in general by causing backlog for them to attempt to get caught up on.

Vor 2 years
NIKOWLEE STARK
NIKOWLEE STARK

IRAN & CHINA XA JA HA JA XA IT HAV TO BE AMERICA ENEMYS . TURKEY DO CENSOR INTERNET

Vor 2 years
Napkin_ Crew GAMING
Napkin_ Crew GAMING

This didnt telll us what the Dark web was. this just told us why facebook would want to join the dark web

Vor 3 years
Logan Williams
Logan Williams

Trust me guys tor isn't that untraceable, cia can still track your ip why do you think the a guy that used silk road (an deep web website for drugs) got arrested because someone found out..?

Vor 3 years
S. N.
S. N.

Meh.. to be honest, i don't have much to hide. i mean.. if the american government, along with google knows what porn i watch.. what music i like... no problemo. lol

Vor 3 years
S. N.
S. N.

+Four Fingers For the record. im very fine with the 4 - 6% of the visual web. Bestgore, 4chan, Youtube, all of dat.. has enough disturbing things for me haha!

Vor 3 years
Scott Zimmerman
Scott Zimmerman

It's a bad idea

Vor 3 years
Carlos Deron
Carlos Deron

Can anyone recommend a good DEEPWEB website? I'm curious to see what it looks like 0_0

Vor 3 years
* ZORAS DOMAIN *
* ZORAS DOMAIN *

Red rooms

Vor 2 years
yajo891
yajo891

+SPIDER MANN Wiki files

Vor 3 years
Jason Wood
Jason Wood

Buuut, can't you use Tor to access the normal Facebook page, anyway?

Vor 3 years
William Worth
William Worth

HACK THE PLANET =D

Vor 3 years
Jianna Rey
Jianna Rey

you mean DEEP web?

Vor 3 years
Tim Sappol
Tim Sappol

So wait... Is it illegal whatsoever to download Tor and view the Deep Web? Just curious.

Vor 3 years
Pvulture b
Pvulture b

Press alt + f4 to go to noweb.

Vor 3 years
Barba Shrek
Barba Shrek

MKu MKu.... Not my proudest fap.

Vor 3 Monate
GainZ Guru
GainZ Guru

+MKu MKu it also has to have "Autism" written backwards and in "Wingdings 2"

Vor 2 years
MKu MKu
MKu MKu

+Pvulture b Must be a very big rock, otherwise it won't work with my flexible foldable keyboard ;)

Vor 3 years
Pvulture b
Pvulture b

+MKu MKu For Linux; if you use Ubuntu you must pick up a rock and drop it on the keyboard. 

Vor 3 years
MKu MKu
MKu MKu

+Pvulture b I'm using Linux

Vor 3 years
Daniel B
Daniel B

Not to mention like 80% of the onion links dont work at any given time.

Vor 3 years
Drew Norton
Drew Norton

please talk about how the federal government and banks are robbing students! i believe that the US and the students will lose in the long run!

Vor 3 years
MrBrooks444
MrBrooks444

I thought this was about 4chan....

Vor 3 years
angrytacos
angrytacos

don't do it please for your sake, I was pretty interested at one time as well, but one of my friends went through it before he was changed the stuff you see there is beyond expressible in just words, just stick to good ole pokemon.com or idk nfl.com something nice and clean

Vor 2 years
Mister Spade
Mister Spade

+MrBrooks444 If ye're lucky, ya can even find a live murder video.~ I'm joking, of course. It's worse than that....don't do it

Vor 3 years
MrBrooks444
MrBrooks444

Well if its worst than 4chan, lol I think I'll pass. Thanks for the warning though.

Vor 3 years
King of Haters
King of Haters

Tara longs boobs are big

Vor 3 years
King of Haters
King of Haters

I dont want anything to do with you Kim Jong Un 

Vor 3 years
Hallal Chicken
Hallal Chicken

+King of Haters She kinda looks like Lia Lor

Vor 3 years
Jed
Jed

Why is facebook going to deep web? Good buy innocent minds, deep darknes is coming, do they know whats on that dark place?? :( The light is gone now....

Vor 3 years
Patrick Flanagan
Patrick Flanagan

one of my connections one time when i was using tor on my android OS phone, pinged through a British S.A.S. server. That was scary.

Vor 3 years
Aidan Almstead
Aidan Almstead

They didn't mention anything about Mariana ' s web

Vor 3 years
Aidan Almstead
Aidan Almstead

true

Vor 3 years
TheSamuel9464
TheSamuel9464

It's debatable if it's real

Vor 3 years
GWS
GWS

Tor isn't even that good of a program.  There are much better programs there such as HMA.

Vor 3 years
Robert Williams
Robert Williams

Global domination or not the fact that people in China can use an uncensored internet is a good thing.

Vor 3 years
OhhFG
OhhFG

How secretive.

Vor 3 years
Santa Creed
Santa Creed

2 in my class used tor and said that its used for ordering drugs ansd stuff, then they went on a crazy website to check (dont worry they would never do this).. Like, you could order rape, beatings, murder, chopping off an arm or leg on some people for just a few thousand dollars, that creeped me out soo much!

Vor 3 years
Markcut 23
Markcut 23

WDF?? how come I never heard of this "Tor" before?? Im getting it right now!!!

Vor 3 years
17 AC
17 AC

Where can I find the... *dark web?*

Vor 3 years
junior fio
junior fio

+Chitturi Abhinav I have been told that the deep web is good for the most part.......... up until you get to some of the crazy shit like the silkroad, pink meth, ultra and pedo support. I have never went to the deep web in fear to see someone getting tortured, raped and/or murdered. because that's the last thing I want to see on my monitor.

Vor 3 years
17 AC
17 AC

+milen marinov lel

Vor 3 years
milen marinov
milen marinov

+Chitturi Abhinav don't try to get this shit man this is brutal

Vor 3 years
GWS
GWS

+Chitturi Abhinav I used to do all of that nonsense to troll people and act like I was some kind of badass, but I quit doing it because I got tired of being just another part of the immoral community that exists there.   Yeah, there's a lot of bad, bad people that utilize anonymity, but most of them aren't as bad or as dark as people or even documentaries make them out to be.  95% of people are simply like I was, just trolls and people looking for ways to not get banned fro their favorite websites.

Vor 3 years
Aravind Sanjeev
Aravind Sanjeev

But the Hidden Wikipedia kinda freaks me off when I read it. Haven't used it for 2 years now.

Vor 3 years
cocobana29
cocobana29

Can you link me?

Vor 2 Monate
oldnslowpopi
oldnslowpopi

face book needs to blow up. cease.   re name it to noisy ass web site

Vor 3 years
TechnoBike HD
TechnoBike HD

First

Vor 3 years
francisco otalora
francisco otalora

Facebook is a book of everyone's faces and info monitored by our gov. It's a genius way to make the world voluntarily register to a controlled database. Joining the dark web will allow them to know who is using the dark web, because if you sign into FB on tor, then your also doing other things on tor. Once u log into FB on tor u r no longer anonymous.

Vor 3 years
Tangemann
Tangemann

i's not called dark web.... it's called DEEP web***

Vor 3 years
Mister Spade
Mister Spade

+Tangemann Watch the video, idiot.

Vor 3 years
Brandon Renard
Brandon Renard

prism *cough **http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f3/PRISM_Collection_Details.jpg** *cough*

Vor 3 years
Free Speech
Free Speech

basically they dont want you know about the dark web becasue they cant complely control the entire internet. only a smart part of it and they keep the general public on that so they can moniter everyone easer. and these fuckheads are gonna make good decicions when it comes to people health as well.

Vor 3 years
Ratstail91
Ratstail91

How much of the deep web is dark web?

Vor 3 years
trichometrist1
trichometrist1

stupid ads  cant even see vidoes

Vor 3 years
Dey Cross
Dey Cross

screw FB and you morons that use TOR, im telling you, its rubbish.... just take a few days and tutorials and learn how to run your own proxy server

Vor 3 years
Abel Esperanz
Abel Esperanz

96% of internet porn that i have never seen...wow. that is Deep.

Vor 3 years
DarkMatter311
DarkMatter311

Abel Esperanz wonderful

Vor 8 Monate
APM 08279 5255
APM 08279 5255

Wp3PK z

Vor year
S. N.
S. N.

+Wp3PK Don't forget the legendary Necropedohile-porn.

Vor 3 years
Wp3PK
Wp3PK

+Gocker the Smerts I know, but unlike the dark web it's not something you just stumble upon and go: "Oh, beastiality again? Splendid!"

Vor 3 years
Minion Man
Minion Man

Or you could just use bing

Vor 3 years
Tsar Nicholas
Tsar Nicholas

Friend of mine said he'd done this to buy Weed, thought it could be a good way to score when there was nothing about, but I'm far too afraid of landing on something I really, really don't want to see.  Why do Paedophiles have to fucking ruin everything? First children's lives, then the BBC, then my favourite band as a kid (Lostprophets) and now the chance of buying an oz on the sly.  I'm not sure what annoys me the most... the inconvenience or their filth. 

Vor 3 years
Zelnyair
Zelnyair

Open up the Command window (cmd) type in tracert, then the URL, for instance 'tracert www.youtube.com', without the ' and you need the space after tracert.  Then press enter, and you'll trace all the servers and address it goes through from your computer to the URL. 

Vor 3 years
Драть Ведро
Драть Ведро

Actually, TOR is NOT secure, anonymous and any way hidden. It's not any better than a bunch of proxies or vpn. It's advertised so much and has so much positive reactions from goverment organisations that there is no doubt NSA can spy on you, even more, they spy much more intensive on those who use tor. And yeah, there's no facebook in a real dark web.

Vor 3 years
OscarMike
OscarMike

Man I was streaming on twitch. And some user by the name of TooMuchkakow, mentioned my last name. And a friends name. And I have never heard of that user name.

Vor 3 years
WhyteLis21
WhyteLis21

It's like star wars. Welcome to dark side of the web.

Vor 3 years
Thanasis Mavromixailidis
Thanasis Mavromixailidis

Tara Long is hot

Vor 3 years
Max Tan
Max Tan

My question is, why is tara long so pretty?

Vor 3 years
cody palm
cody palm

Can you go deeper into the dark web and how to get more info instead of 4%

Vor 3 years
Ziad Hani
Ziad Hani

That's one sick place ! take it down

Vor 3 years
sgt. Nickel
sgt. Nickel

spy web

Vor 3 years
Alex Zepeda
Alex Zepeda

The dark web.... THE 2ND PAGE OF GOOGLE😂

Vor 3 years
rhythm
rhythm

+Alex Zepeda loooooool

Vor 3 years
Tapport
Tapport

I'd like to point out that saying Tor is totally impossible to monitor is wrong. Even though it isn't really as a result of Tor not doing what it's supposed to Anonymous was able to give the names of tons of Tor users who accessed child pornography using the deep web. Again, not really Tor working wrong because I believe the version they downloaded was a trojan but still just a note that the dark web isn't guaranteed anonymous.

Vor 3 years
Tom Palmer
Tom Palmer

Scientists are searching for signs of life on other places than earth in our solar system. They reason that if life exists in these places it must be common throughout the universe. A good question for them to consider might be if life originated on earth not from a single point and then migrated over the rest of the planet, but from many different points on our planet and spread from them. If they can answer this they might get an idea of how common life is in the universe.

Vor 3 years
David Green
David Green

How can this be safe ? Is made by USA Navi. In any case is really stupid to make internet more private than is.... Is too complex aleardy, and things like child pornography are uncontrolable.....

Vor 4 years
Sajid Abdurrahman
Sajid Abdurrahman

Beginner's Guide To Becoming A Hacker: 1. Delete system32, this is how Windows can track you and clutter your PC so that you constantly have to buy new operating systems. 2. Install 4chan, a hacker index that allows you to track down any IP address and with enough skill, hack into the pentagon.  3. Have fun hacking your enemies! 

Vor 4 years
Smokey Burnout2500hd
Smokey Burnout2500hd

Think half these people are terrorist lol. Dont bomb us lol

Vor 9 Monate
you are now breathing manually
you are now breathing manually

i dont even know why i don't explore the dank world of 4chan

Vor year
Despacito 2
Despacito 2

Traumatizing and bricking computers? Top kek

Vor year
XxMikePlayzxXHD
XxMikePlayzxXHD

dude do you know how much non-techy people believed you and really messed up their computer?

Vor year
abdul ghani abdul karim
abdul ghani abdul karim

That's the most easiest knowledge of nothing and please the next time post a real facts

Vor 4 years

Nächstes Video

Vedi Prodotto | Kyomu Senshi Miroku OVA Episode 3 English Subbed | Kunstleder